My research interests lie mainly in the fields of energy economics and the spatial structure of economic development. I am especially interested in the relationship between energy use and urbanization in developing countries. Other areas of research include the link between economic development and quality of governance (institutions), inequality and the energy sector in Mozambique.

Work in progress / Working papers:

Berenschot, W. and P. Mulder (2017). Public service delivery, clientelism and state-dependency: explaining regional variation in governance in Indonesia.

Kurniawan, H., H.L.F. de Groot and P. Mulder (2017). Socio-economic Disparities in Indonesian Provinces.

Rosidin. I.S., H.L.F. de Groot and P. Mulder (2017). Income inequality dynamics in decentralizing Indonesia

Fevreira, S., C. Bogmans and P. Mulder (2017). On the Dual Challenge of Expanding and Greening Electricity Supply in Developing Countries. A Spatial Energy Model and Evidence for Indonesia.

Díaz Lanchas, J., R.J.G.M. Florax and P. Mulder (2017). What determines diversity and specialization patterns across cities? Evidence from Spain.

Bakens, J., H.L.F. de Groot, R.J.G.M. Florax and P. Mulder (2017). Living Apart Together. The Economic Value of Ethnic Diversity in Cities.

Dobis, E.A., M.S. Delgado, R.J.G.M. Florax and P. Mulder (2017). Population in American Cities Between 1990 and 2010: Hierarchy and Spatial Contagion.

Fevreira, S., G.M. Mahumane, P. Mulder, J. Tijm (2017). The Impact of Urbanization on Energy Consumption in the Global South. Evidence across Countries, Cities and Neighborhoods.

Bakens, J., Florax, R. J. G. M. & Mulder, P. (2016). Ethnic Drift and White Flight: A Gravity Model of Neighborhood Formation Amsterdam. Tinbergen Institute Discussion Series; no. 16-062/VIII)

Mahumane, G.M. and P. Mulder (2015), Energy and emission transitions in a resource-rich low-income country. The case of Mozambique, 2010-2030